A 95% mortgage is as simple as the name would suggest; you are borrowing against 95% of the price of a property, and then you are covering the remaining 5% with your deposit. An example of this is if you looked at buying a property that was worth £150,000 with a 95% mortgage, you would be putting down £7,500 as your deposit and borrow the remaining £142,500 from the lender.
Off the back of the March 2021 Budget, Boris Johnson announced a Mortgage Guarantee Scheme for mortgage lenders, making 95% mortgages more readily available from the bigger high street banks.
This is fantastic news for First-Time Buyers and Home Movers alike, as this scheme will continue running until December 2022. Certain terms and conditions will apply though, which is something your Mortgage Advisor in Cardiff will be able to look at, to see if you qualify.
All our customers who opt to get in touch will receive a free, no-obligation mortgage consultation where one of our dedicated mortgage advisors will be able to make a recommendation on the best possible route for you to take.
95% mortgages are usually accessible by both First Time Buyers in Cardiff & those who are Moving Home in Cardiff. Whilst saving for a 5% deposit sounds like a pretty straightforward concept, you’ll still need to have an acceptable credit score and prove that you are able to afford your monthly mortgage repayments, in order to access a 95% mortgage.
A good credit score is essential in the process of obtaining any mortgage, especially a 95% mortgage. Things like paying any current credit commitments on time, ensuring your addresses are updated and checking that you’re on the voters roll, can all help with your credit score.
Affordability is another one that is important to take note of. By giving the lender details of your income and monthly outgoings (things like your bank statements will be necessary for this) and any pre-existing credit commitments, your lender will be able to get a general overview of whether or not you are able to afford this type of mortgage.
Nowadays we see lots of family members helping each other get onto the property ladder, especially parents looking to further their children’s lives. The way this usually happens is by gifting the person looking to find their home, the deposit required. Known through the industry as the “Bank of Mum & Dad, Gifted Deposits are only intended to be a gift, and not as a loan. The lender will need proof that this has been agreed, before it can be used towards your mortgage.
When looking for a 95% mortgage, you want to make sure you have the right type of mortgage. Each mortgage type works differently, with that choice allowing you to find one that is most appropriate for your personal and financial situation.
Some homeowners and home buyers prefer Fixed Rate or Tracker Mortgages, mortgage types which mean you either keep interest rates at a set amount for the term given or have your interest rates tracking the Bank of England base rates.
Alternatively, you might find that Interest-Only or a Repayment Mortgages are more your style. Interest-Only allows cheaper payments until you need to pay a lump sum at the end (mostly now used for Buy-to-Lets), whereas a Repayment mortgage (a normal mortgage if you’d like) means you’ll be paying interest and capital combined per month.
Seeing as a mortgage is such a large financial outgoing, you need to be prepared and need to be aware. You might find things like higher interest rates, remortgaging difficulties due to less equity and then negative equity all cropping up if you’re not.
There is no need to worry though, as all these can be avoided if you’re savvy enough with your process to begin with. The more deposit you put down for a property, the less risk the lender will see you as.
A larger deposit, of say 10-15%, would not only reduce the rates of interest by a noticeable amount, but would also give the property more equity and reduce the risk of negative equity, thanks in part to you borrowing less against the property.
So, whilst the risks may seem intimidating, planning ahead and saving for a bigger deposit to access something like a 90% or even an 85% mortgage will be a massive help in your mortgage journey and something you’ll be able to reap the rewards from in the future.
Being self-employed can often be perceived as a hurdle to getting a mortgage, but with an experienced Mortgage Broker in Cardiff working with you, you may possibly be able to overcome these hurdles.
The first thing that you need to be aware of is that there are no specific lending criteria for sole traders and Limited Company Directors that everyone follows. Each lender has their own individual policy and the amount they will allow you to borrow can be incredibly varied.
Let’s have a look at sole traders (or partners) first. The amount you are able to borrow for a mortgage will be based on your net profit which can be confirmed by obtaining your Accountant or direct from the Inland Revenue.
Most lenders average your last 2 or 3 years’ net profit but there are lenders that may still consider using your latest year. If your net profit has decreased the lender will usually base everything off the latest year and require an explanation as to why it has dropped.
If you are a Limited Company Director who owns 20% or more of the shares in the business then the lenders will deem you as self-employed and regarding averaging, the same rules will apply. The figure that they tend to average will be your salary (generally this can be equivalent to the tax-free allowance) + declared dividends,.
At some points in time, a Limited Company may be performing well in terms of net profit but the Directors are not drawing their dividend – these type of applications can be disadvantaged in terms of maximum borrowing capacity because they aren’t able to declare as much income. This is not the end of the road, however, because there are lenders out there that will consider using your share of the net profit, as opposed to salary + dividends.
The minimum trading period for Self-Employed or Limited Company Directors is one year, although you may find that there are lenders out there who want longer than that. If you have recently formed a Limited Company after a period as a sole trader under the advice of your Accountant, then there are various available lenders who can look at this, providing it is in the same line of work.
As you can see from the above, Self-Employed Mortgages in Cardiff are often quite complex, so if you would like to talk about your situation please feel free to Get in Touch and we’ll talk you through your process. We can also send you a form for your Accountant to complete, which will help us tailor-make a recommendation designed to meet your personal situation.
Once you have saved for your deposit and you have enough money for a mortgage, it’s time to get prepared for your mortgage application. There are lots of different things that you will need to provide alongside your mortgage application, so we thought that we would give you a handy list so that you know what you need:
This item should be at the very top of your list; ideally, it would be handy if you can obtain this before you approach your Mortgage Broker in Cardiff. Your credit report will show you how your credit score is looking, which is what lenders will use to determine whether you’ll be accepted for a mortgage.
They are going to look at everything on your credit file, this will allow them to match you up with a lender that will be best suited to you. If your credit score is low you may need to look at a way to improve your credit score, for example, getting yourself on the voter’s roll seems to really help in terms of your credits score.
In terms of proving that you are, who you say you are, you will need to provide some in date photographic ID. Most of our customers use a driving license or passport for this part of the process.
However, you can’t use driving licence for ID though if you are also using it for proof of address. If you are a non-UK national working over here on a Visa, you’ll need to produce that too.
In addition to your ID, you’ll have to prove where you live. As mentioned above, you can’t use your driving licence or passport if you are already using them for your proof of ID.
We usually advise people to use a utility bill or an original bank statement dated within the last 3 months.
Your bank statements are needed to evidence your income and regular expenditures. When your lender analyses your bank statements, they are going to look for a variety of different things. For example, if a lender notices gambling transactions on your statements, they may not be so happy, it depends how often you gamble. They will also look at whether you stick to your agreed overdraft limit and if your direct debits bounce regularly. They need to be confident that you are going to be able to meet your monthly mortgage payments.
The Bank Statements you need to produce tend to be the ones where your salary goes in and your bills go out.
You will need to prove where your deposit has come from and show that you have the correct amount needed. This is all for anti-money laundering purposes; your lender will need to be certain on everything. I always think it’s best not to move monies around your various accounts too much. If you do, it will make evidencing the audit trail more difficult. Lenders also like to see that you’ve saved up for the deposit, so be careful on transferring large sums of money close to your application.
It’s not unusual for a portion of or the whole of the deposit to be covered by a gifted deposit from a family member or friend. These funds will also need to be evidenced and the person who has gifted you the deposit will need to sign a letter to confirm that it was a gift and not a loan.
In terms of affordability, the most important thing that you will need to evidence is your income. If you are employed this tends to be through your last 3 months’ payslips and some may even want your most recent P60. Lenders can consider regular overtime, commission, shift allowance and bonus. If you are lucky, your lender may accept earnings from more than one employer. This situation comes around when the applicant has a part-time job or is Self Employed.
Many of our customers in Cardiff are Self Employed. If this is you, then you’ll need your Accountants’ help to request your last 2 or 3 years’ proof of earnings from the Revenue. If you submit your own Accounts’ please contact us and we will advise you what to download from the Government Gateway.
As an experienced Mortgage Broker in Cardiff, we always advise that you do your homework and write down an estimate of your anticipated outgoings after you move to a new house. You can then work out a rough idea of how much your council tax and utility bills will be plus your regular expenditures such as food and drink. You will then be able to demonstrate how much disposable income you have available to pay your mortgage from.
Before we carry out an appointment with you we can send you our version of a Budget Planner to help you with this.
As you can see from the above, preparing for a mortgage isn’t easy. Think of it like the “Tortoise and the Hare” – if you want your application to run like clockwork, you’ll need to put the time aside to get everything together. You’ll get there much quicker if you put in the work at the outset!
Once you pass your lenders credit score and have qualified for a mortgage, you will receive an agreement in principle or more commonly known as an AIP. With an AIP in place, you are able to make an offer on a property. They will also come in handy for asking price negotiations, as the seller now knows that you are serious and ready to start the home buying process.
There are two main ways that a lender will access your credit score, the type they choose is entirely up to them. They will factor in lots of different things, this includes reliability, your deposit size, etc.
The two ways a lender can assess credit score are through a soft credit search and a hard credit search.
Soft credit searches are a lot more common these days, they are much easier for lenders to carry out. They are easier to carry out because they need less information out of it. If lenders perform a soft credit search on your file, it also won’t damage your score, it will leave it unaffected.
Whilst your financial institution will gain less information about you by choosing a soft credit search over a hard credit search, an agreement in principle from one of these lenders is usually still an extremely strong signal that your full application will be accepted.
Hard credit searches go much more in-depth than soft credit searches. The main difference between the two is that hard credit searches can affect your credit score. Anyone who looks at your file in the future will be able to see that you had a hard credit search performed on you.
This won’t really affect you if your credit score is high. If your score is lower and you have more than one hard search on your file, it could look like you are trying to apply for lots of credit at the same time.
You will never be guaranteed a mortgage, however, securing an AIP will definitely help. Once you have provided your lender with all of your documents, an underwriter will make a final decision. An AIP usually includes a small print that can easily be missed. When customers reach out for help about their agreement in principle, in some cases we find they’ve been turned away at full mortgage application stage.
The documents required include ID, payslips, bank statements, etc. As your expert Mortgage Broker in Cardiff, we take pride in helping you get all of this ready.
If you are lucky you can just about get away with it, however, most estate agents will want you to provide evidence that you are able to proceed with the purchase.
Normally, your AIP will need renewing after around 30-90 days. As a Mortgage Broker in Cardiff, we strongly recommend that you get one in place as soon as possible. You don’t want a situation where you have found your dream home but can’t actually apply for it because you don’t have an agreement in principle in place.
If it’s starting to expire, don’t rush a purchase as you can renew your AIP very easily. So don’t buy a house for the sake of it, make sure it right first.
Did you know that we can usually turn around an agreement in principle for you within 24 hours of your mortgage application! This is incredibly useful if you are a First Time Buyer who has found their dream first home and want to put down your deposit straight away. Even if you are Moving Home in Cardiff, having an AIP within 24 hours could prove extremely beneficial.
On top of this, we also offer a free mortgage consultation, so don’t hesitate to get in touch today to claim this offer. We can’t wait for you to get in touch with your expert Mortgage Advisor in Cardiff.
How much deposit you need to buy a property depends on your personal situation and what it is exactly what you are looking to do. Here we take a look at how much you might need based on your own circumstances.
In previous years, 100% mortgages were readily available and before they were taken away, Northern Rock was offering 125% loan to value mortgages. What this meant is that if you were buying a property valued at £100,000 they would lend you up to £125,000.
Lenders require you to put down a deposit simply to reduce their risk of lending. If they lend you 100% of the purchase price then you happen to accrue any debts leading to property repossession, then they could be at a financial loss, especially if the house prices dip and they can’t make their money back.
You will also find that some say if you haven’t invested some of yours or your family’s money into your home, then you might find it a bit too easy to “walk away” should the going get tough and you were finding it difficult to meet your monthly payments. If you are not in a position to save up at least 5% of the purchase price yourself, then it could be argued that you’re not quite ready to take that first step onto the property ladder.
Unfortunately no, but if you are able to find 5% of your own resources then you could qualify for the government’s Help to Buy equity loan scheme. This applies to new properties only. You put in 5% and the Government loans you up to 20% to make up a 25% deposit. After 5 years you need to start looking at paying the equity loan back possibly by way of a remortgage or from any kind of savings you have been able to make in the meantime.
At the moment, yes 5% is enough in many circumstances. Not all Lenders will accept only a 5% deposit though so your options are more limited and normally you will need a reasonable credit score to qualify. There are lenders out there that would consider you for a 95% mortgage with an average credit score but the interest rates are usually higher in those cases.
A majority of the specialist lenders want you to put down at least 15% deposit if you have a history of poor credit once again as above this is simply to reduce their risk in case a repossession becomes necessary. It is much more difficult to obtain this type of mortgage than it was in the mid-2000s but it’s not completely impossible to find one.
You’ve always needed to put down a much larger deposit for Buy to Let Mortgages and most lenders at the moment are looking for at least 25%.
This could be possible but the vast majority of lenders won’t allow this as it would more or less still be 100% lending.
Yes, this happens all the time. Usually, it’s “bank of Mum and Dad” gifting or other family members but lenders have been known to accept family friends for gifting the money, so long as they can evidence the funds, prove who they are and confirm they are not expecting repayment of the gift as some kind of loan.
If you are buying as a sitting tenant at a discount from the open market value, from a family member or if you qualify for a discount under the Right to Buy scheme then generally speaking you wouldn’t need to put any of your own money in as the equity is already “built-in” to the deal.
Please remember that the above information is for reference purposes only and is not to be viewed as personal financial or mortgage advice.
First Time Buyers or any applicants with high credit scores are more likely to get accepted for a mortgage over applicants with a lower credit score. Lenders study your application carefully in order to ensure that you are able to afford a mortgage with them. You will never be guaranteed a mortgage and this is because every lender has different lending criteria and the chances of you matching every single one of these is unlikely.
Each lender has developed their own way of identifying whether you match their criteria or not. It is your Mortgage Advisors’ job to try and find you a lender who has the most criteria you match up to. They will also try to find the best deal for your personal circumstances. Whether your advisor is from your bank, the mortgage lender or a Mortgage Broker in Cardiff, your advisor will try their best to match your personal circumstances.
By going with a Mortgage Advisor in Cardiff, you will always know what is going on and will always be updated if anything changes or something comes up. We are a dedicated mortgage broker, here to help improve your credit score and help secure that perfect mortgage deal. Whether you are a First Time Buyer, Moving Home or Self Employed, we think that you would benefit from fantastic Mortgage Advice in Cardiff.
There are many different credit reference agencies in Cardiff that you can go to, with the most popular are Experian and Equifax. Before you make a decision, research each agency as it is a possibility that some of them could be holding incorrect data and discovering any discrepancies will be very beneficial to you.
Improving your credit score can be difficult but there are ways you can do this effectively in a manner that allows you to reap the rewards down the line.
Making multiple credit searches could actually have a adverse impact on your credit score. Price comparison websites are risky as they can also damage your score, so be extra careful. We also advise you to not apply for credit during the mortgage process as this may signify to the lender that you are struggling financially, even if you are not. It is a good thing in the long term though as it shows that you are reliable in making recurring payments.
Another simple but useful tip for improving your credit score is by registering for the Electoral Roll. In the eyes of the lender, it shows stability which they will favour. When registering, you must spell your name correctly and set your address to your current one and not a previous one. If you are not registered then you definitely should do this asap, as it’s quick and easy to set up and it could have a really positive impact on your credit score. Make sure everything is correct though to maximise the benefits!
Maxing out your card each month is not recommended and is bound to reduce your credit score. The lender looks at your credit card statements to check whether or not you have paid off balances by the due date. If you are meeting due dates and have never exceeded overdraft limits then a lender will see that you are more than capable of handling your finances well and it could prove beneficial towards your mortgage application.
On the flip side, if you don’t manage your finances carefully then the lender will believe that you don’t take payments seriously, thus reducing your chances of being accepted by them for any amount.
We often find that people who have moved house have not told their previous credit provider, which means that on their records you still are shown as living in the other property. Make sure you are on top of this as lenders don’t like to see your address history all mixed up and shown as living in two different places when you are not.
Some people, without even realising, have a family member or ex-partner connected to their financial commitments. It’s worth checking just to be sure, as you can’t get the financial association removed if the account is still live. If you are trying to remove any of these links then you should contact the credit reference agencies and make a request with them directly.
Applicants see credit scoring as being an unfair approach to accessing whether or not they can obtain a mortgage. Lenders disagree as this method provides a faster, fresher approach to their system of credit scoring. It’s also a lot cheaper for the mortgage lender and it provides always provides a result that they deem trustworthy.
If you want to get ahead of the game, you should send an up-to-date copy of your credit report in advance to your Mortgage Advisor in Cardiff. Starting early will increase your chances of being accepted for a mortgage the first time. The more that your advisor knows about your financial situation the better your chances will be.
Also, there are still some lenders that will want to do the process the old-fashioned way and will prefer a manual approach. They will have certain rules that they stick by about the number of defaults and CCJs that they will allow.
One of the most popular questions we get asked here at Cardiffmoneyman is “How much can I borrow for a mortgage?”. In this post, we will go into the details of affordability assessments and how they apply post-2014.
Whether you’re a first time buyer, moving home in Cardiff or looking to delve into buy to let mortgages, we hope that this article can help!
Back in the day, before the era of credit scoring, mortgages were assessed manually by your local Building Society Manager. Lenders moved towards more uniform income assessments to bring forward a more consistent approach in the 1990s.
Maximum lending “caps” were introduced to prevent budding homeowners from borrowing more than 3-4 times their income.
Around the time of the early noughties Credit Crunch, these income multipliers started to become more “generous”. Shockingly, lenders would allow some customers to self-certify, without the need for background checks!
As you can imagine, that went very wrong. Post-financial crisis, everything became stricter, with far more rules being put in place to try and protect the market from future disrepair. This made getting a mortgage significantly more difficult for some.
In 2014, the mortgage market had managed to recover, and we were introduced to the Mortgage Market Review 2014. This was a new set of guidelines for Lenders to follow in order for things to go smoothly. The old income multiplier method was no more, and we saw the emergence of more sophisticated affordability calculators.
With these new calculators, it became possible to delve deeper into how the applicant was spending their money and what their net disposable income would be. Advisors were looking at bank statements more closely to make sure the customer could only get a mortgage they were able to afford. One of the many factors included regular large expenses such as childcare.
Lenders can get quite competitive with one another, on the likes of price and lending criteria. Because of this you will find that things like the maximum borrowing capacity can completely differ between lenders. You may fit into a different niche depending on the lender, so if you are unsuccessful with one it does not mean your journey is over.
Some Lenders will take into account state benefits such as tax credits for a mortgage. Others are more generous if you are self-employed and looking for a mortgage. Taking out the longest mortgage available also opens you up to a larger amount you can borrow.
As time went by throughout the noughties, Lenders were a lot more lenient with how much they would lend. Some would offer self-certified mortgages without bothering to do a background check to see if they were being honest! Yet they wondered why it went wrong… Predictably so, the market crashed and the time between 2008 and 2010 were very difficult indeed, making it harder to get on the property ladder.
When the market eventually recovered in 2014, we saw the regulator launch the Mortgage Market Review (MMR). There is still a “cap” on how much can be borrowed (the majority of lenders prefer to stay below 4.75 times your annual income) but spending habits now become a factor in the process. Examples of these include high childcare costs, credit commitments and student loans. If you have any of these, you could be offered a lot less than someone earning the same amount who does not need to worry about those things.
We are still regularly surprised by what some lenders will and will not accept. In some cases, lenders may penalise low-earners (it could be that they’re not the type of applicant they want), some take pension contributions as a fixed outgoing so if you were, for example, a public sector worker with a big pension deduction that is less than a private sector and so on.
Different people are often better suited for different things. If you need to maximise your borrowing capacity to secure your dream home, then you will definitely need the support of a Mortgage Broker in Cardiff. We will be able to work alongside you, seeing which lenders will be able to lend you the amount you were hoping to borrow.
It is important to sit down with an advisor prior to making any kind of offer, so you can figure out what is within the realms of affordability.